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        六級模擬試卷 ---- 閱讀42
        文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2011-03-14 01:29 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
        (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)

        Questions 36-40 are based on the following passage.

        The greatest recent social changes have been in the lives of women. During the twentieth century there has been a remarkable1 shortening2 of the proportion3 of a woman's life spent in caring for children. A  the end of the nineteenth century would probably have been in her middle twenties, and would be likely to have seven or eight children, of whom four or five lived till they were five years old. By the time the youngest was fifteen, the mother would have been in her early fifties and would expect to live a further twenty years, during which custom, opportunity and health made it unusual for her to get paid work. Today women marry younger and have fewer children. Usually a woman's youngest child will be fifteen when she is forty-five years and is likely to take paid work until retirement4 at sixty. Even while she has the care of children, her work is lightened5 by household appliances6 and convenience foods.
        This important change in women's life-pattern has only recently begun to have its full effect on women's economic position. Even a few years ago most girls left school at the first opportunity, and most of them took a full-time7 job. However when they married, they usually left work at once and never returned to it. Today the school-le aving age is sixteen, many girls stay at school after that age, and though women tend to marry younger, more married women stay at work at least until shortly8 before their first child is born. Very many more afterwards return to full- or part-time work. Such changes have led to a new relationship in marriage, with the husband accepting a greater share of the duties and satisfactions of family life and with both husband and wife sharing more equally9 in providing the money, and running the home, according10 to the abilities and interests of each of them.

        36. It's probably now that women __________.
        A. marry men younger than themselves
        B. do not do housework
        C. do not want to give birth to children
        D. provide the money to the family like her husband
        37. For women at the twentieth, the amount  caring for children ______.
        A. was shorter than in previous centuries
        B. was longer than in previous centuries
        C. was considered to be surprisingly long
        D. accounted11 for a great part of their lives
        38. We are told that, in an average family about 1900 _______.
        A. many children died before they were five
        B. seven or eight children lived to be more than five
        C. the youngest child would be fifteen
        D. four of five children died when they were five
        39. When she was over fifty, the late nineteenth century mother ______.
        A. was unlikely12 to find a job even if she wanted one
        B. would not expect to work
        C. was very healthy and beautiful
        D. was considered to have a rest at home
        40. One reason why the woman of today may take a job is that she _______.
        A. is younger when her children are still young
        B. does not like caring for children
        C. need not worry about food for her children
        D. is younger when her children are old enough to look after themselves



        點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

        1 remarkable 8Vbx6     
        adj.顯著的,異常的,非凡的,值得注意的
        參考例句:
        • She has made remarkable headway in her writing skills.她在寫作技巧方面有了長足進步。
        • These cars are remarkable for the quietness of their engines.這些汽車因發動機沒有噪音而不同凡響。
        2 shortening 34169da9aa081a170130567c4125b9b7     
        n.縮針,簡寫;酥油/雪白奶油v.弄短,縮短( shorten的現在分詞 )
        參考例句:
        • Instead, sarcomere shortening occurs when the thin filaments'slide" by the thick filaments. 此外,肌節的縮短發生于細肌絲沿粗肌絲“滑行”之際。 來自辭典例句
        • Use peanut or safflower oil or solid vegetable shortening for frying. 用花生或紅花油,或者食用油來起酥。 來自互聯網
        3 proportion cRxx7     
        n.比率,比例;大小
        參考例句:
        • His head is out of proportion to the size of his body.他的頭部與身體大小不成比例。
        • The proportion of imports to exports is worrying the government.進口與出口的比例令政府擔憂。
        4 retirement TWoxH     
        n.退休,退職
        參考例句:
        • She wanted to enjoy her retirement without being beset by financial worries.她想享受退休生活而不必為金錢擔憂。
        • I have to put everything away for my retirement.我必須把一切都積蓄起來以便退休后用。
        5 lightened 4d338ab4f69264fa3d8275d6d93fd4d4     
        v.使(某物)更明亮( lighten的過去式和過去分詞 );變得更光明
        參考例句:
        • The bonfire lightened the sky. 營火照亮了天空。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
        • The moon lightened the courtyard. 月亮照得院子里挺明快。 來自《現代漢英綜合大詞典》
        6 appliances fea3a660827437aacee0391d5419bb39     
        n.器具,器械,裝置( appliance的名詞復數 )
        參考例句:
        • Dish washer is one of the appliances. 洗碗機是家用電器的一種。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
        • You can buy refrigerators, stoves, dishwashers, and other appliances there. 在那里可以買到冰箱、爐具、洗碗機和其他家電產品。 來自朗文快捷英語教程 1
        7 full-time SsBz42     
        adj.滿工作日的或工作周的,全時間的
        參考例句:
        • A full-time job may be too much for her.全天工作她恐怕吃不消。
        • I don't know how she copes with looking after her family and doing a full-time job.既要照顧家庭又要全天工作,我不知道她是如何對付的。
        8 shortly ZyZwd     
        adv.立即,不久;簡略地,簡言之
        參考例句:
        • You go along with him. I'll come shortly.你陪陪他,我馬上就來。
        • He answered my questions rather shortly.他相當簡慢地回答我的問題。
        9 equally coPxH     
        adv.平等地;公平地
        參考例句:
        • Divide the cake into quarters and share it equally.把蛋糕分成四份,大家平均享用。
        • The blue sky belongs equally to us all.藍天為人所共有。
        10 according YzQztq     
        adj.按照,根據
        參考例句:
        • According to the Bible we are all the seed of Adam.根據《圣經》所說的,我們都是亞當的后裔。
        • We must cut our coat according to our cloth this year.今年我們必須學會量入為出。
        11 accounted 1557245b207beb3e015aeccfeff905bc     
        解釋(account的過去式與過去分詞形式)
        參考例句:
        • The disappearance of the papers has never been accounted for. 那些文件丟得莫名其妙。
        • Imports of foodstuffs accounted for a small proportion of total imports. 食物進口僅占總進口額的一小部份。
        12 unlikely MjGwy     
        adj.未必的,多半不可能的;不大可能發生的
        參考例句:
        • It was very unlikely that he would do that.他不見得會做那種事。
        • It is unlikely that she will come. 她不大可能來了。
        TAG標簽: social women children
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