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        Kennedy begins his presidency with strong public support
        文章來源: 文章作者: 發布時間:2009-07-04 06:42 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
        (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)

        VOICE ONE:

        This is Rich Kleinfeldt.

        VOICE TWO:

        And this is Phil Murray with THE MAKING OF A NATION -- a VOA Special English program about the history of the United States.

        (MUSIC)

        Our program today is about the beginning of the administration of President John Kennedy.

        (MUSIC)

        VOICE ONE:

        January 20, 1961. John Kennedy was to be sworn-in that day as president of the United States.

        It had snowed heavily the night before. Few cars were in the streets of Washington. Yet, somehow, people got to the ceremony at the Capitol building.

        VOICE TWO:

        The outgoing president, Dwight Eisenhower, was seventy years old. John Kennedy was just 43. He was the first American president born in the 20th century.

        Both Eisenhower and Kennedy served in the military in World War Two. Eisenhower served at the top. He was commander of allied1 forces in Europe. Kennedy was one of many young navy officers in the pacific battle area.

        Eisenhower was a hero of the war and was an extremely popular man. Kennedy was extremely popular, too, especially among young people. He was a fresh face in American politics. To millions of Americans, he represented a chance for a new beginning.

        VOICE ONE:

        Not everyone liked John Kennedy, however. Many people thought he was too young to be president. Many opposed him because he belonged to the Roman Catholic Church. A majority of Christians2 in America were Protestant. There had never been a Roman Catholic president of the United States. John Kennedy would be the first.

        VOICE TWO:
         
        Dwight Eisenhower served two terms during the 1950s. That was the limit for American presidents. His vice3 president, Richard Nixon, ran against Kennedy in the election of nineteen-sixty.

        Many Americans supported Nixon. They believed he was a stronger opponent of communism than Kennedy. Some also feared that Kennedy might give more consideration to the needs of black Americans than to white Americans.

        The election of 1960 was one of the closest in American history. Kennedy defeated Nixon by fewer than 120,000 popular votes. Now, he would be sworn-in as the nation's 35th president.

        (MUSIC)

        VOICE ONE:

        One of the speakers at the ceremony was Robert Frost. He was perhaps America's most popular poet at the time. Robert Frost planned to read from a long work he wrote especially for the ceremony. But he was unable to read much of it. The bright winter sun shone blindingly on the snow. The cold winter wind blew the paper in his old hands.

        VOICE TWO:

        John Kennedy stood to help him. Still, the poet could not continue. Those in the crowd felt concerned for the 86-year-old man. Suddenly, he stopped trying to say his special poem. Instead, he began to say the words of another one, one he knew from memory. It was called "The Gift Outright4."

        Here is part of that poem by Robert Frost, read by Stan Busby:

        VOICE THREE:

        The land was ours before we were the land's.

        She was our land more than a hundred years before we were her people ...

        Something we were withholding5 made us weak

        Until we found out that it was ourselves

        We were withholding from our land of living ...

        Such as we were we gave ourselves outright.

        VOICE ONE:


        President John Fitzgerald Kennedy giving hisinaugural speech
        Soon it was time for the new president to speak. People watching on television could see his icy breath as he stood. He was not wearing a warm coat. His head was uncovered.

        Kennedy's speech would, one day, be judged to be among the best in American history. The time of his inauguration6 was a time of tension and fear about nuclear weapons. The United States had nuclear weapons. Its main political enemy, the Soviet7 Union, had them, too. If hostilities8 broke out, would such terrible weapons be used?

        VOICE TWO:

        Kennedy spoke9 about the issue. He warned of the danger of what he called "the deadly atom." He said the United States and communist nations should make serious proposals for the inspection10 and control of nuclear weapons. He urged both sides to explore the good in science, instead of its terrors.

        KENNEDY: "Together let us explore the stars, conquer the deserts, eradicate11 disease, tap the ocean depths, and encourage the arts and commerce ... Let both sides join in creating a new endeavor, not a new balance of power, but a new world of law, where the strong are just and the weak secure and the peace preserved."

        VOICE ONE:

        Kennedy also spoke about a torch -- a light of leadership being passed from older Americans to younger Americans. He urged the young to take the torch and accept responsibility for the future. He also urged other countries to work with the United States to create a better world.

        KENNEDY: "The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it -- and the glow from that fire can truly light the world. And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you -- ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world: Ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man."#p#分頁標題#e#

        (MUSIC)

        VOICE TWO:

        John Kennedy's first one hundred days as president were busy ones.

        He was in office less than two weeks when the Soviet Union freed two American airmen. The Soviets12 had shot down their spy plane over the Bering Sea. About sixty million people watched as Kennedy announced the airmen's release. It was the first presidential news conference broadcast live on television in the United States. Kennedy welcomed the release as a step toward better relations with the Soviet Union.

        The next month, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev made another move toward better relations. He sent Kennedy a message. The message said that disarmament would be a great joy for all people on earth.

        VOICE ONE:

        A few weeks later, President Kennedy announced the creation of the Peace Corps13. He had talked about this program during the election campaign. The Peace Corps would send thousands of Americans to developing countries to provide technical help.

        Another program, the alliance for progress, was announced soon after the peace corps was created. The purpose of the alliance for progress was to provide economic aid to Latin American nations for ten years.

        VOICE TWO:

        The space program was another thing Kennedy had talked about during the election campaign. He believed the United States should continue to explore outer space.

        The Soviet Union had gotten there first. It launched the world's first satellite in 1957. Then, in April, 1961, the Soviet Union sent the first manned spacecraft into orbit around the earth.

        VOICE ONE:

        The worst failure of Kennedy's administration came that same month. On April 17, more than 1,000 Cuban exiles landed on a beach in western Cuba. They had received training and equipment from the United States Central Intelligence Agency. They were to lead a revolution to overthrow14 the communist government of Cuba. The place where they landed was called Bahia de Cochinos -- the Bay of Pigs.

        The plan failed. Most of the exiles were killed or captured by the Cuban army.

        VOICE TWO:

        It had not been President Kennedy's idea to start a revolution against Cuban leader Fidel Castro. Officials in the last administration had planned it. However, most of Kennedy's advisers15 supported the idea. And he approved it.

        In public, the president said he was responsible for the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion. In private, he said, "All my life I have known better than to depend on the experts. How could I have been so stupid."

        VOICE ONE:

        John Kennedy's popularity was badly damaged by what happened in Cuba. His next months in office would be a struggle to regain16 the support of the people. That will be our story next week.

        (MUSIC)

        VOICE TWO:

        This program of THE MAKING OF A NATION was written by Jeri Watson and produced by Paul Thompson. This is Phil Murray.

        VOICE ONE:

        And this is Rich Kleinfeldt. Join us again next week for another VOA Special English program about the history of the United States.

        inaugural speech: 就職演說



        點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

        1 allied iLtys     
        adj.協約國的;同盟國的
        參考例句:
        • Britain was allied with the United States many times in history.歷史上英國曾多次與美國結盟。
        • Allied forces sustained heavy losses in the first few weeks of the campaign.同盟國在最初幾周內遭受了巨大的損失。
        2 Christians 28e6e30f94480962cc721493f76ca6c6     
        n.基督教徒( Christian的名詞復數 )
        參考例句:
        • Christians of all denominations attended the conference. 基督教所有教派的人都出席了這次會議。
        • His novel about Jesus caused a furore among Christians. 他關于耶穌的小說激起了基督教徒的公憤。
        3 vice NU0zQ     
        n.壞事;惡習;[pl.]臺鉗,老虎鉗;adj.副的
        參考例句:
        • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上壞習慣。
        • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他們墮入了罪惡的深淵。
        4 outright Qj7yY     
        adv.坦率地;徹底地;立即;adj.無疑的;徹底的
        參考例句:
        • If you have a complaint you should tell me outright.如果你有不滿意的事,你應該直率地對我說。
        • You should persuade her to marry you outright.你應該徹底勸服她嫁給你。
        5 withholding 7eXzD6     
        扣繳稅款
        參考例句:
        • She was accused of withholding information from the police. 她被指控對警方知情不報。
        • The judge suspected the witness was withholding information. 法官懷疑見證人在隱瞞情況。
        6 inauguration 3cQzR     
        n.開幕、就職典禮
        參考例句:
        • The inauguration of a President of the United States takes place on January 20.美國總統的就職典禮于一月二十日舉行。
        • Three celebrated tenors sang at the president's inauguration.3位著名的男高音歌手在總統就職儀式上演唱。
        7 Soviet Sw9wR     
        adj.蘇聯的,蘇維埃的;n.蘇維埃
        參考例句:
        • Zhukov was a marshal of the former Soviet Union.朱可夫是前蘇聯的一位元帥。
        • Germany began to attack the Soviet Union in 1941.德國在1941年開始進攻蘇聯。
        8 hostilities 4c7c8120f84e477b36887af736e0eb31     
        n.戰爭;敵意(hostility的復數);敵對狀態;戰事
        參考例句:
        • Mexico called for an immediate cessation of hostilities. 墨西哥要求立即停止敵對行動。
        • All the old hostilities resurfaced when they met again. 他們再次碰面時,過去的種種敵意又都冒了出來。
        9 spoke XryyC     
        n.(車輪的)輻條;輪輻;破壞某人的計劃;阻撓某人的行動 v.講,談(speak的過去式);說;演說;從某種觀點來說
        參考例句:
        • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他們的輪輻螺帽是從我們公司獲得的。
        • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.輻條是輪子上連接外圈與中心的條棒。
        10 inspection y6TxG     
        n.檢查,審查,檢閱
        參考例句:
        • On random inspection the meat was found to be bad.經抽查,發現肉變質了。
        • The soldiers lined up for their daily inspection by their officers.士兵們列隊接受軍官的日常檢閱。
        11 eradicate Ui1zn     
        v.根除,消滅,杜絕
        參考例句:
        • These insects are very difficult to eradicate.這些昆蟲很難根除。
        • They are already battling to eradicate illnesses such as malaria and tetanus.他們已經在努力消滅瘧疾、破傷風等疾病。
        12 soviets 95fd70e5832647dcf39beb061b21c75e     
        蘇維埃(Soviet的復數形式)
        參考例句:
        • A public challenge could provoke the Soviets to dig in. 公開挑戰會促使蘇聯人一意孤行。
        • The Soviets proposed the withdrawal of American ballistic-missile submarines from forward bases. 蘇聯人建議把美國的彈道導彈潛艇從前沿基地撤走。
        13 corps pzzxv     
        n.(通信等兵種的)部隊;(同類作的)一組
        參考例句:
        • The medical corps were cited for bravery in combat.醫療隊由于在戰場上的英勇表現而受嘉獎。
        • When the war broke out,he volunteered for the Marine Corps.戰爭爆發時,他自愿參加了海軍陸戰隊。
        14 overthrow PKDxo     
        v.推翻,打倒,顛覆;n.推翻,瓦解,顛覆
        參考例句:
        • After the overthrow of the government,the country was in chaos.政府被推翻后,這個國家處于混亂中。
        • The overthrow of his plans left him much discouraged.他的計劃的失敗使得他很氣餒。
        15 advisers d4866a794d72d2a666da4e4803fdbf2e     
        顧問,勸告者( adviser的名詞復數 ); (指導大學新生學科問題等的)指導教授
        參考例句:
        • a member of the President's favoured circle of advisers 總統寵愛的顧問班子中的一員
        • She withdrew to confer with her advisers before announcing a decision. 她先去請教顧問然后再宣布決定。
        16 regain YkYzPd     
        vt.重新獲得,收復,恢復
        參考例句:
        • He is making a bid to regain his World No.1 ranking.他正為重登世界排名第一位而努力。
        • The government is desperate to regain credibility with the public.政府急于重新獲取公眾的信任。
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